What Is The Meaning Of The Term Distraction In Orthopedics?

What is distraction medical term?

Listen to pronunciation. (dis-TRAK-shun) In medicine, a pain relief method that takes the patient’s attention away from the pain.

What is distraction in orthopedics?

Distraction osteogenesis is a way to make a longer bone out of a shorter one. After a bone is cut during surgery, a device called a distractor pulls the 2 pieces of bone apart slowly. The slow stretching apart of bone is not painful.

What is distraction osteogenesis in oral and maxillofacial surgery?

Distraction osteogenesis is a technique in orthognathic surgery that expands or stretches bone in the jaw. Simply stated, distraction osteogenesis means the slow movement apart of two bony segments which allows new bone to fill in the gap created by the bony segments.

Is osteogenesis distraction healthy?

No. Distraction osteogenesis works well on patients of all ages. In general, the younger the patient the shorter the distraction time and the faster the consolidation phase.

How long does distraction osteogenesis take?

Distraction osteogenesis is performed as an outpatient surgery in our accredited surgical facility. Patients undergoing this procedure will require general anesthesia. The procedure takes anywhere between 2-3 hours.

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Who needs distraction osteogenesis?

The most common application is in infants with small mandibles (micrognathia) leading to tongue-based airway obstruction, difficulty breathing, and sleep apnea (see Pierre Robin sequence). Distraction osteogenesis is used to lengthen the mandibles (figure 3) of patients with hemifacial microsomia, as well.

When is distraction osteogenesis used?

Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is used in orthopedic surgery, and oral and maxillofacial surgery to repair skeletal deformities and in reconstructive surgery.

What is distraction Histogenesis?

: Under appropriate conditions, bone responds to gradual mechanical distraction with new bone formation, termed distraction osteogenesis. Additional effects on the surrounding soft tissues result in phenomena known as distraction histogenesis.

What is dental distraction?

It can be performed on patients of all ages. During the procedure, a distraction appliance is placed that will slowly separate two bony segments, allowing the gap to be filled in with new bone. The newly formed bone can serve as a solid foundation for dental implants.

What is a Lefort procedure?

The Le Fort Osteotomy is a type of jaw surgery used to correct an abnormally positioned jaw that gives rise to malocclusion problems (misalignment of teeth and jaws).

What is maxillary distraction?

Distraction osteogenesis is a surgical technique for reconstruction of bony deformities. Increased amounts of both bone and soft tissue are created as a result of the gradual displacement of surgically created bony fractures.

Who introduced distraction osteogenesis?

Distraction was introduced first by Codvilla nearly a hundred years ago and was subsequently popularized during the 1940s by Ilizarov, who developed a single-stage procedure to lengthen long bones without the use of grafting material.

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What are Distractors on a baby?

Neonatal jaw (mandibular) distraction is used to treat tongue-based obstructive sleep apnea for infants with a small jaw (micrognathia). The goal of distraction is to increase the size of the lower jaw, moving the oral soft tissues and the tongue forward off the airway.

What are cranial Distractors?

This procedure uses specialized devices called cranial distractors to move the bones of the back of the skull very slowly. Cranial distraction allows for more significant reshaping and expansion of the space inside the skull by slowly stretching the scalp over time.

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